Peace Building and Basic Education in Karamoja.

“What are we doing to support the transformation of raiding routes into corridors for peace and production in Karamoja?”

• The underdevelopment Nexus of poverty, marginalization and conflict.
• The Karimojong occupy the peripheral semi-arid region of Uganda.
• It is the most underdeveloped region and has historically been a marginalized region in Uganda.
• Another distinctive feature of this region is that it is one of the most conflict-prone zones in Uganda.
• It has experienced two types of conflicts: ethnic identity and resource based conflict which has
in the whole led to criminality that progressively paralyzed the region.

The Problem Analysis:
• Cyclic violent conflict:
• Militarization and use of force to make peace in the Karamoja region
• Poor access to basic services
• Limitations in Existing National & Local Policy Frameworks.
• Persistent Limitations In Government Policies And Programmes

Limited Constructive Engagement of Customary institutions in peace and security Matters of Karamoja
• The lack of harmonization of formal and customary governance systems
• International and historical dimensions of the Karamoja Problem Attempts To Address The Links Between Insecurity And Poverty In Karamoja
• UPDF has been deployed in Karamoja region to undertake a comprehensive disarmament exercise
• Police and other law enforcement agencies are being rolled back to sub-county levels.
• NGOs/UN Agencies moving in and Social service delivery expanding.

Constitution of Uganda (1995) Article 209.

Functions of the defence forces. The functions of the Uganda Peoples’ Defence Forces are:
(a) to preserve and defend the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Uganda
(b) to cooperate with the civilian authority in emergency situations and in cases of natural disasters;
(c) to foster harmony and understanding between the defence forces and civilians

Primary objectives of the Disarmament process in Karamoja:
Disarm all illegal guns from the hands of armed Karimojong civilians.

Secondary objective

  1. Establish security in all highways in Karamoja.
  2. Provide security for humanitarian access within Karamoja.
  3. Support the establishment of rule of law by the civilian Uganda Police Force and Justice Institutions.
  4. Contain international cross border illicit trade in small arms and light weapons.
  5. Secure all the twelve neighbouring districts against armed Karamojong raids and cattle thefts.

Save the Children in Uganda Project Components
Component 1: Managing Pastoralist Mobility
Increasing access to opportunities for children and
youth in mobile communities in Karamoja

Component 2: Provision and Promotion of alternative livelihood options for the youth
Component 3: Enhancing peace building initiatives in Karamoja
Component 4: Promoting Civil Military liaison for Peace and Development
Component 5: Strengthening Child Protection structures and mechanisms

Under its Young Professionals Program (YPP), AFLI is collaborating with Save the Children in Uganda
by providing 10 Karimojong speaking graduates (Volunteers / Project Assistants), undertaking periodic
joint field supervision visits and on spot strategic advice to accelerate the successful implementation of this program.